Chickenpox in children symptoms and treatment photo than smear

Today we will talk about what chickenpox is and in more detail we will focus on chickenpox in children, its symptoms and treatment in childhood. Chicken pox can cause severe symptomatic irritation and can be severe. Therefore, it is necessary to find out what to do if you notice symptoms of wind rashes and how to treat this disease.

What triggers chickenpox in a child

Chicken pox is a highly contagious disease. Her causative agent is the herpes virus of the third type, which is called Varicella zoster (Varicella zoster). This virus stands out among other herpetic strains. Based on the name, it is already clear that the characteristic of the causative agent of chickenpox is its volatility in the wind and its ability to survive in the air for a long time.

The chickenpox virus is one of the most enduring, and he is actively looking for a carrier. The radius of propagation through the air from the object in which it is located reaches one hundred meters. Therefore, children can be infected not only from direct contact with the virus carrier, but also from a person from a neighboring house.

In children who have not yet had chickenpox, the risk of primary infection is very high, because the body does not have specific antibodies to combat this strain of herpes. After the virus enters the body of the child, the immune system will actively fight the pathogen. After that, children remain carriers of Varicella zoster for life. In adulthood, a serious malfunction of the immune system can cause a relapse of the disease in the form of shingles.

Chickenpox in children symptoms


Chickenpox is a disease that has a high degree of contagion and obvious signs. The infectious process of pathology makes it sometimes difficult to proceed. Herpes virus, which has the property of spreading through high speeds, leads to the formation of an ailment. Bubble rash and fever are far from all directions of the manifestation of the disease, in more detail the signs will be considered in the framework of the article. Chickenpox is traditionally found in children, but if an adult did not suffer from this ailment in childhood, there is a risk of infection. At risk are also people with weakened immunity. When the disease is experienced, a person develops a stable immunity, although medical practice has included cases of reinfection.

What is chickenpox, its features in children and adults

Chickenpox is an infectious disease caused by the chickenpox virus, which belongs to the herpes virus family. It is characterized by fever, a rash with various elements (from spots to crusts), severe itching and catarrhal phenomena.

A characteristic of the herpes simplex virus type 3 is its volatility. In a poorly ventilated room, it is able to spread over 20 m, and any person who does not have chickenpox can become infected.

Chickenpox is most often found in children of preschool age, but it is extremely rare in children under 6 months of age.

By 6 years, 70% of children have antibodies to chickenpox and immunity for the rest of their lives.

After a person has chickenpox, he develops antibodies to the herpes simplex virus type 3, and an immune response is formed to the repeated introduction of the virus. But with immunodeficiency, shingles or a second case of chickenpox may develop, since the virus continues to "live" in the nerve ganglia, it is impossible to completely recover.

Shingles are most often affected by people with immunodeficiency. A feature of this disease is that the rash does not spread throughout the skin, but along the nerve, for example, along the intercostal space or on the face along one of the branches of the facial or trigeminal nerve. This disease is unpleasant, its prodromal period is especially unpleasant, often the sick person does not connect it with the manifestation of herpes infection.

What it is?

In simple words, chickenpox, it is chickenpox in children - this is a highly contagious infectious disease.

You can recognize chickenpox in a child thanks to a typical vesicle rash against the background of general intoxication. The incubation period of the disease is 1 to 3 weeks. The development of chickenpox provokes a herpes simplex virus type 3, which is capable of reproduction only in the human body. In the external environment, the pathogen quickly dies under the influence of drying, ultraviolet radiation, heating.

95% of children suffer from chickenpox, except for breastfed babies who receive protective antibodies with breast milk. Most often, chickenpox can be found in a one-year-old child or in a baby 2 to 5 years old. The disease in early childhood is easier than in adults. Older children get sick much less often, but chickenpox in adolescents 12-15 years old is very difficult.

After a child suffers from a disease, his body develops strong immunity, however, chickenpox can occur a second time in weakened children. When re-infected, most often, the virus appears in the form of shingles.

Causative agent of defeat

The virus has a name - VARICELLA ZOSTER, this is the answer to the question "how does chickenpox begin in children". The first signs have a vivid manifestation, therefore, confusing the disease with other ailments is problematic. The causative agent is related to the herpes simplex family of the first and second types. In the course of the studies, it was found that, as part of the ingress of this virus into the body, damage occurs not only to the skin and endings of nerves, but also to internal organs. In particular, the brain, lungs, digestive tract are suffering. The virus has a contagious nature and a high degree of volatility.

The disease affects mainly children. The way chickenpox looks on different parts of the body is considered in the photo. Traditionally, 90% of sick people are babies aged 5 years. The danger entails not only those people who suffer directly from this disease, but also those suffering from tinea versicolor and its basic manifestations. For the occurrence of the pathological process, an indicator of seasonality is characteristic, most often it manifests itself in the fall and spring. Entire epidemics of this phenomenon can be observed.

A bit of history

Until the 18th century, chickenpox was not considered an independent disease, it was considered one of the manifestations of smallpox. And only at the beginning of the 20th century did the first descriptions of the virus, the causative agent of the disease in the contents of the vesicles, appear. And only in the 40s of the twentieth century did the description of chickenpox virus appear.

Signs of the general condition of the body

Let us consider in more detail how chickenpox manifests itself and symptoms associated with general well-being:

  • chickenpox in the initial stage is similar to acute respiratory infections,
  • starts with a fever
  • the temperature rises sharply
  • accompanied by a headache
  • the child feels a general malaise.

With different forms of the course of chickenpox, which are described in more detail below, these symptoms can be of varying intensity, some of which are completely absent. But with the classic course of chickenpox in children, just such a symptomatology is observed. Usually the rash is not yet, and the child may already have a latent form of the disease, in which he becomes a virus carrier.

How chickenpox spreads

Chickenpox spreads by airborne droplets from a sick child to a healthy series of foods, when coughing or talking. Any baby who has been in contact with a sick child is considered contagious. In children's groups, where there were cases of chickenpox, quarantines are established for a period of 21 days. If another child falls ill, quarantine is postponed for another 21 days from the moment of the first rashes on the skin of a new child.

The easiest way to get chickenpox is already 2-3 days before the appearance of rashes on the skin. Those. if, for example, on Saturday, bubbles appeared on the baby’s skin, then all children who were in contact with him from Wednesday are considered infectious, provided that they had not been sick with this disease before. The same goes for adults. If a child has chickenpox, and in the family not all of its members have lifelong immunity to this disease, then the risk of infection increases.

It should be said that chickenpox virus is not transmitted through third parties. He cannot live outside the living human body and dies within 5-10 minutes. Animals, as a rule, do not get chickenpox. If in contact with a sick child people or children have already had this disease, they will not be able to infect other people who have not had chickenpox. In other words, if a person who already had the disease came to the house where the child is sick, then even with his subsequent contact with children or people who are not yet sick with chickenpox, he will not be able to infect them.

Chickenpox in children: how it starts, the first signs

Note that this type of disease is an infection transmitted by airborne droplets.

Important! The first signs are very similar to the symptoms of a respiratory disease, and only quickly appearing rashes make it possible to recognize the true pathology.

Also, the child may complain of headache, weakness, loss of appetite.

Pay attention to the photo, where the first symptoms of the disease are clearly visible, it is during this period that chickenpox in children requires early treatment.

Symptoms of the phenomenon

Chickenpox in children, the photo of which is presented as part of the material, traditionally proceeds in several stages. Actually, the basic symptoms of chickenpox depend on this.

  • The viral phenomenon penetrates the cells responsible for the mucosal formation factor. Accumulation is observed in these places. In principle, this is incubation period of the disease. Duration can be from 5 to 21 days, depending on the characteristics of the body.
  • After sufficient accumulation, the virus needs to overcome local barriers to protection. After that, it remains to penetrate the blood. So the stage of onset of the disease is manifested. The first characteristic symptoms appear. A prodromal period lasting about a day may occur. At this time, the temperature reaction is clearly manifested, body rash on a specific site. Differential diagnosis can be reduced to scarlet fever. Also, the patient suffers from nausea, weakness, lack of appetite and drowsiness.

  • The virus penetrates into the skin cells, during which a local edema is formed, a general reaction is manifested. Appears rash (photo You can look in the article and see that it is different). On the first day of the disease, the temperature rises, lasting up to 7 days. With an increase in the number of affected cells, blood supply to some areas increases, during which skin spots form. Bubbles appear with a clear liquid and suppuration. Locations of the process are different. May appear rash on the face, as well as in the entire body and limbs.

  • Recovery is the last stage of the disease, accompanied by the elimination of the process of intoxication and an improvement in overall health. Crusts fall away, pigmentation remains during this process, which is eliminated in the future.

The main thing is to provide a competent approach to the treatment process so that there are no complications.

What is chickenpox and its features

Chickenpox or chickenpox is a herpetic type of viral disease that occurs once in a lifetime. The name of the disease is associated with two factors that are specific to it:

  1. Chickenpox is easily transmitted, as in the "wind". Infection occurs by airborne droplets, and the virus can be picked up at a distance of 50 (!) M from the patient. If the team has one sick child, then not only all other children, but also those who communicate with representatives of this team in other places can get sick. Therefore, chickenpox is a traditional childhood infection with which 98% of children are ill.
  2. The term "smallpox" - came into use due to the similarity of the consequences of two diseases, black and chickenpox. Traces of diseases look like scars on the skin in the form of grooves, pits. With chickenpox, they form occasionally if the rashes are combed, infected with a bacterial infection. If there were no combed wounds, chickenpox does not leave scars. But ordinary or black smallpox leaves scars fossae almost always.

How does chickenpox manifest in children? Course of the disease

Usually, after contact with a sick person, after 11 to 21 days (this is the incubation period of chickenpox), the first signs of chickenpox appear in a child. A long incubation period often provokes a slight confusion in the parents.

It would seem that the meeting with the patient was long ago, and the threat of getting sick has already passed, and then the child begins to complain of body aches, chills, temperature rises to 38 - 39 ° C, nasal discharge appears, the baby becomes lethargic, sleepy. Since a lot of time passes after contact with the patient, mothers can not always understand that these are the first symptoms of chickenpox in children.

A rash appears in a day or two. It is initially small-spotted or spotty. Children usually complain of itching, babies up to four years old can cry and behave uneasily. During the day, spots turn into vesicles filled with serous contents. After a few days, the vesicles open, and in their place crusts form on the skin. After the crust comes off, the wound heals completely, without leaving scars.

It should be noted that the rash appears (pours) every 2 to 3 days for 3 to 7 days, because all elements of the rash are different (polymorphic).

The child is contagious two days before the first signs of the disease appear, during the rash period and up to seven days from the last rash.

It should be noted that usually the younger the child is, the easier he tolerates the disease. A child of 3 years is easier than an adult to survive this period.

External manifestation of chickenpox in the form of a rash

After passing the incubation period of chickenpox, the body begins to become covered with rashes. Let us consider in more detail how chickenpox in children manifests itself in the form of a rash:

  • the rash begins with small single red spots,
  • in the center of the spot there is a small bubble with liquid,
  • initially rashes form on the head,
  • from the head the rash descends on the face, then on the stomach,
  • as a result of the rash, they begin to cover the whole body.

The peculiarity of chickenpox is expressed in the fact that the rash covers the child in a wave-like fashion. When active rashes began, they appear for two or three weeks at intervals of new waves of rash in two days. In parallel with wave-like rashes, a rise and fall in body temperature behaves in a similar way.

The child has severe itching, so it is necessary to begin treatment as soon as possible. Each chickenpox papule contains a high concentration of the virus, and when a child combs a chicken rash, the virus begins to spread actively through the air.

The photo nos. 1 and 2 show the onset of chickenpox rashes. Here you can see how the red spots are far apart. Usually these are either isolated cases of a rash, or very rare manifestations with large distances. Soon the rash will abruptly begin to cover vast areas.

In the photo under number 3, you can consider in detail what the unit of the wind rash looks like. It can be confused with an allergic reaction, but with a thorough examination it can be distinguished from an insect bite.In the photo under No. 4, the child is already covered with chickenpox in the active stage of rashes.

Chickenpox in children other symptoms

Most often, chickenpox in children is quite easy. And besides the rash, there may be no other symptoms. But in some cases, the course of the disease can be harder.

  • To rashes on the body of the child may be added
  1. Temperature rise. The temperature during chickenpox rises to 38 degrees.
  2. Rash on the mucous membranes.
  3. Itching in rashes.
  4. Nausea and vomiting. Due to general intoxication of the body.
  5. Decreased appetite and decreased sleep.

How to treat snot in children READ

The first signs of chickenpox in a child

From the moment of infection of the child until the onset of the first symptoms, 7 to 20 days can pass - this is the duration of the incubation period of chickenpox during which the symptoms do not appear, but the virus is already in the body and is actively multiplying.

The first signs of chickenpox in children are symptoms of general intoxication:

  • sore throat, runny nose,
  • drowsiness, weakness, general malaise,
  • headache,
  • a sharp increase in temperature, chills,
  • impaired appetite.

Further, the child begins the active stage of chickenpox, which is accompanied by an increase in temperature to 39-40 degrees. The stronger the fever in the first day, the greater the area of ​​the skin will be affected by rashes. In some babies, the disease is mild. In this case, the temperature rises slightly, but there is a rash.

Acne with chickenpox appears quickly, rapidly disperses over the skin and mucous membranes, without affecting only the palms and feet. First, they are converted into vials with liquid contents, which burst after 8-10 hours. After some time, the affected areas are covered with a crust. At the same time, new rashes arise, provoking an increase in body temperature.

In especially severe cases, pimples with chickenpox in children can appear on the palms and feet. Rashes can last from 4 to 8 days, then a recovery period begins. Crusts fall off after about a week. If the baby did not comb the affected skin, then there is no trace of them. Otherwise, there is a "pockmark".

At the same time, the prodromal phenomena of chickenpox in a child aged 2 to 5 years are weakly expressed or completely absent. In infants, chickenpox begins with rashes. The first signs of chickenpox in adolescents are similar to symptoms of acute respiratory infections.

Where can a child become infected?

As already mentioned, chickenpox is transmitted by airborne droplets, therefore, a child can catch the disease from children who already have it. To do this, just play with some toys.

In this case, we are talking about the active phase of the disease, which begins already on the second day - you can detect the first rashes and fever. The child is placed in home quarantine because it poses a threat to healthy children.

The incubation period of chickenpox in children


Considering the question of how long the incubation period of chickenpox lasts, it can be noted that its duration depends on a number of factors and is one to three weeks. During this time, the virus spreads in the baby's body through fluids - blood and lymph. After this, direct penetration into the mucous regions and its reproduction occurs. In adults, unlike children, in practice this time can be longer.

The causative agent of chickenpox

The causative agent is a virus. This is the third type of herpes virus called Zoster. Like other types of herpes viruses, Zoster enters the body once and remains in it for life. It is stored in the ganglia of the spinal cord in a sleeping state, where its reproduction is limited by immune bodies. With a strong decrease in immunity, Zoster can be activated, but already in the form of another disease - herpes zoster.

At the initial infection in humans, chickenpox known to everyone is formed. With the re-activation of relapse, the disease can manifest itself in the form of herpes zoster (herpes). As a rule, relapse or activation of the virus occurs with a sharp decrease in immunity, often appear in the elderly.

Symptoms of chickenpox in children

  • temperature is higher than 38 ˚С. It should be noted that sometimes the temperature rises to 40 ° C. This is not a complication of the disease, but only a feature of the reactivity of the immunity of a sick person. However, in some cases, the temperature throughout the disease can be 37 ° C,
  • the appearance of a rash is staged. The stages of the rash are a spot-bubble-the appearance of crusts. The rash appears on the entire body of the child, except for the palms and feet. Also, chickenpox is characterized by a rash on the scalp,
  • the wavy appearance of a rash, when after the appearance of rashes there is a short lull.

Other symptoms of the disease:

  • viral conjunctivitis. It appears, as a rule, when the herpes virus damages the first branch of the trigeminal nerve. When viral conjunctivitis occurs, children may complain of discomfort in their eyes, they will say that it’s unpleasant or painful to look at the light, tears flow from their eyes,
  • vulvovaginitis in girls,
  • stomatitis - the appearance of a rash on the mucous membranes of the mouth. In case of a rash in the child’s mouth, you should contact your doctor for further examination and possible changes in treatment tactics.

What to do if a child has a similar rash?

Firstly, do not panic; in most children, chickenpox passes quite easily and without complications. If properly treated.

Secondly, you should not go to the clinic on your own, since you will put other children at risk of infection. Call a doctor at home. If you describe the symptoms in detail on the phone, he will not be long in coming. When the doctor examines the child, he will decide whether you will be treated at home or in the hospital.

If your child has a fever, provide him with bed rest and plenty of water. It is also necessary to monitor the cleanliness of the body, hands and nails of the child. This is done in order to reduce the likelihood of the infection joining the rashes.

Chickenpox temperature

High temperature with chickenpox in children is one of the most problematic attributes of the disease. The temperature can exceed the mark of 39 degrees - this is completely normal in the presence of this disease. In some cases, the temperature lasts one day, in others - a week. It all depends on the immune system of a particular child.

To bring down the temperature to a normal mark in the case of chickenpox is not always the right decision. As mentioned above, chickenpox causes the chickenpox. And its microorganisms do not multiply at temperatures above 37 degrees. When the temperature exceeds the mark of 38 degrees, the body begins to produce interferon. This is a protective reaction of the body to fight the virus. If you take an antipyretic, the temperature will drop, and the chickenpox virus will develop further in a favorable environment.

However, there are situations when you can’t do without an antipyretic. For example, in the case of an infant, it is necessary to start to bring down the temperature when it exceeds the mark of 38 degrees.

Distinctive features of the symptoms of chickenpox

Differences from allergies will become apparent when the rash begins to cover various parts of the body in large volumes. An allergic reaction usually gives symptoms in the form of rashes on certain regional elements.

A distinctive feature of chickenpox is the absence of a rash on the palms and feet. Many doctors diagnose chickenpox by neglecting this rule, although the symptoms of a rash on the palms of your hands or feet are more likely to indicate enterovirus disease.

Chickenpox in children sometimes causes symptoms in the form of a rash on the mucous membrane of the eye. In this case, the disease is very painful and painful.

The photo numbered 5 and 6 show the symptoms of chickenpox rash close-up. Rashes with chickenpox appear periodically in the same places where she already began to heal. Therefore, on the skin in one place there is a contrast of formations. Spots that have not yet turned into large papules with vesicles already having a large concentration of viral fluid and healing ulcers are located on the same area of ​​the skin.

Swimming with chickenpox

Is it possible to bathe a child with chickenpox when he is sick - this question is especially acute.

Opinions on this issue, as always, differ.

There are recommendations that most agree with:

  1. You can not take a bath, that is, lie for a long time and steam the body (in order to avoid infection of open wounds).
  2. Do not use a sponge or washcloth. Do not rub the child’s body in any way.
  3. Be careful with soap and shower gels. They dry the skin and may increase irritation.
  4. It is better if the child takes a shower.
  5. After the shower, you need to dampen the water with a soft towel. In no case should you rub your body.
  6. After the skin has dried, the sores should be treated with brilliant green or fucorcin.

Ways of transmission of infection

Considering the question of how chickenpox is transmitted, it is worth highlighting several basic methods.

  • A drip during sneezing, coughing and kissing.
  • Contact method in case of saliva on the affected integument.
  • The vertical method is transmission from a pregnant mother to the fetus.

Chickenpox in children needs urgent diagnosis and the appointment of the right treatment. Is the child contagious during the incubation period of chickenpox - yes, it is a threat to others.


How dangerous is the disease?

Children's chickenpox is a disease that is almost always harmless, which proceeds without dangerous or serious consequences. It passes within 7-10 days without special treatment. Only antiseptic skin treatment is necessary to prevent combing of rashes and bacterial infection.

Children of kindergarten and primary school age (grade 1-2) are very easily affected by chickenpox. The disease is more difficult in adolescents and young people if they are “unlucky,” and in childhood they did not get sick. Catching the virus at 12, 16 or 18 years old leads to high fever, extensive rashes that last a long time, itch severely.

Occasionally, adults (who have not been ill with it in childhood) suffer from this disease. At the same time, chickenpox is extremely difficult, with possible complications and deaths. Hence the conclusion: due to the ease of infection in childhood, it is better to get it at 5-6 years old and get immunity for life. No vaccination can replace a lasting lifelong effect.

In some cases, the course of the disease without rashes is possible. Chickenpox without a rash is one of the mildest forms of the disease, which is more often observed in unvaccinated infants by natural feeding. Such a course of the disease is fraught with the fact that a child may not form a stable immunity. After a few years, he may get sick again, already in a more noticeable form, with a rash and fever.

Symptom Stages

In children, chickenpox is classified into several types with symptoms characteristic of each:

  1. Incubation is the time from infection to the appearance of the first signs of infection. Most often, chickenpox symptoms occur on the 14th day after the first contact with the virus. The duration of the incubation period can vary from 1 to 3 weeks. 24 hours before the first signs appear, the child becomes a source of virus transmission.
  2. A period called prohormal is when it is still unclear what exactly the child fell ill with. As a rule, this time period is very short, and in some cases it is not at all. In the prodormal period, the child may feel weakness, a headache, and may have a sore throat. Often the pro-formal period is characterized by loss of appetite and sleep.
  3. The rash period is final. Simultaneously with the appearance of the rash, the child rises in temperature, and the rashes occur "in waves", and with each new rash, the temperature rises again. The rash period can also be characterized by an increase in regional lymph nodes (optional).

Initially, the virus enters the nasopharynx, settles there and begins to multiply actively. The temperature rises sharply and severe itching is felt - this is one of the main symptoms of chickenpox in children. After maximum accumulation, the infection enters the bloodstream and spreads throughout the body, thereby anticipating the onset of the following stages - the pro-formal period and rashes.

As soon as the rashes have stopped and crusts have formed, the child ceases to be a source of infection.

Forms of chickenpox in a child

There are four forms of chickenpox in children that have different symptoms. Let us consider in more detail how chickenpox occurs in children with various forms of the disease.

  1. Light form. This is one of the three typical forms of chickenpox in children. With a mild form, there is no increase in temperature. Itching is present in the area of ​​rashes, but there are not many wind papules, and sometimes they have isolated cases.
  2. The average form. With an average typical chickenpox, body temperature rises to a maximum of 38 degrees. This is a classic form of chickenpox, it gives all the symptoms of the general condition and external manifestation, which are described above in the section "chickenpox symptoms in children."
  3. Severe form. Very rarely occurs in children and mainly adults are ill with it. Body temperature can rise up to 40 degrees. Rashes merge into large papules and are distributed very intensely by large areas.
  4. Atypical form. When it comes to the atypical form of chickenpox, it must be divided into two types with different symptoms and course. The first type is aggravated, in which all the symptoms of chickenpox are very pronounced. The second type is rudimentary, the symptoms with this atypical form of chickenpox are absent altogether.

When you need to "ALARM"

Chickenpox in children and its symptoms should alert parents. This disease in children is considered quite harmless. But in some cases it is very difficult and every missed minute is very expensive.

If you find the symptoms below in your child, you should immediately call an ambulance.

  1. The bubbles have changed. Their color turned dark red, and a purple rim appeared around the bubble. Such a change is characteristic of the gangrenous form of chickenpox.
  2. Large bubbles appeared on the child’s body with muddy yellow contents. Such bubbles can merge with each other, and when they burst, the wounds do not heal for a long time.
  3. If the child has diseases that provoke a decrease in immunity or affect the rate of blood coagulation.
  4. The child developed cramps.
  5. The temperature rose above 39.

Chickenpox in children treatment


The medical process does not carry any special difficulties if you competently engage in its implementation. The diagnostic complex can be carried out at home through a routine examination of the baby. The main measures to combat the disease are aimed at eliminating the discomfort of a sick person. Dr. Komarovsky tells in his videos how to treat chickenpox in children.

  • Decrease in body temperature,
  • Eliminating the sensation of itching,
  • Fight against formations on the skin.

Chicken pox in children under 12 years of age can be limited to a complex aimed at eliminating itching and observing bed rest and proper nutrition. The resulting rash should be lubricated with an antiseptic, in the role of which is green.

But at home, sometimes the use of this composition is inconvenient, so you should turn to the means of modern pharmaceuticals.

  • FUKORTSIN - a tool that has the same properties as brilliant green, but the composition is washed off much faster and easier. The tool has a purple color.
  • Salicylic alcohol perfectly heals wounds and has a low cost, which makes it preferable in comparison with many other means.
  • Manganese solution - in addition to the ideal bacterial effect, this composition contributes to a good fight against itching, even if the disease has become severe.
  • The effect has a pronounced effect Acyclovir. The tool is used if pronounced rash on the hands, foot rash and other bodily zones. In the case of mild forms, this composition is rarely used.
  • If the form of the disease is severe, the doctor prescribes antibiotic drug groups, depending on the characteristics of the individual course of the disease.

For all this time, a full two-week isolation. During this time, the infectiousness of the disease disappears, as well as its main symptoms. An effective remedy is a vaccination against chickenpox, which can be done at school or in the garden.


Features of caring for children with chickenpox

Usually, children bring infection from kindergarten, often infect younger brothers and sisters. Chickenpox in children proceeds in a mild form, and the most unpleasant is a rash, because these children are treated at home.

How to treat chickenpox in children we will discuss a little later, but for now, let's remember how to care for babies with chickenpox:

  • diet. If the child refuses to eat, do not force them, it is better to eat a little, but more often. Increase the amount of fruits and vegetables in your diet,
  • plentiful drink. Fruit drinks, compotes, jelly and homemade freshly squeezed juices are recommended. If the child doesn’t want to drink it, offer tea or water,
  • it is advisable to limit active games, trying to keep the child in bed is pointless,
  • try to explain that you can’t comb sores, the child’s nails should be cut short,
  • it is advisable to change bed linen every day, the child should sleep separately in his bed,
  • the room in which the child is located must be washed every day, it is necessary to ventilate at least once an hour,
  • it is desirable that there are no other children in the environment of the sick child, but, alas, this is not always possible.

What does chickenpox look like in a child: photo in the initial stage

The initial stage of chickenpox, which is shown in the photo, appears after a long incubation period. For children, on average, it is 2 weeks, and in adults, the period from infection to the first symptoms can last 21 days.

Rules for the treatment of chickenpox in children

Treatment of chickenpox in children does not require special means, since with chickenpox, all treatment is aimed at combating the symptoms that are caused by the disease. There are no special antiviral agents to combat the causative agent of chickenpox or antibiotics.

It all depends on the form of the disease, which gives symptoms of varying intensity. With the classical course of chickenpox in children, treatment requires the following actions:

  1. Body temperature control - if the temperature is above 38 degrees, it is necessary to use antipyretic drugs.
  2. Fighting rashes - wind papules are cauterized in order to dry them and track new vesicle formations. You can use the brilliant green, or other means with a similar effect.
  3. Antihistamine ointments - sometimes doctors prescribe these drugs to relieve itching. Only chicken papules should be smeared to avoid overdose.
  4. Bed rest - required during the heat and signs of intoxication, when the child's health becomes more stable, you can save him from bed rest.
  5. You need to bathe a child - many people think that you can’t wet chickenpox, this is not true. It is necessary to bathe children with chickenpox, this will reduce the intensity of itching.

Most often, applying simple actions in the treatment of chickenpox in children, the disease will pass in ten days. You cannot go outside during treatment. Walking, you can start only a week after the appearance of the last wind bladder.

If the child has severe itching, you cannot buy antiallergic drugs on your own, they should be prescribed only by your doctor. At high temperatures, in no case should you use Aspirin (Acetylsalicylic acid) as an antipyretic. Aspirin for chickenpox can lead to complications.

Chickenpox in children: symptoms

Chickenpox in children manifests itself quite clearly, so it is difficult to confuse it with another disease. As a rule, the main signs of the disease are as follows:

  • at the very beginning, you can observe an increase in body temperature, often up to 39-40 ° C,
  • the child has a strong fever, increased sweating,
  • literally within a few days you can observe the first skin manifestations of chickenpox - flat rashes (within 2-4 hours they can completely cover the baby's body),
  • within a short time (less than a day) in the center of each rash you can already see a small bubble with a transparent secretion (liquid), the rash is accompanied by itching,
  • in a couple of days, the rashes dry out and become darker, but at this stage the development of the rash does not end, because new rashes appear within 5-10 days,
  • rashes pass within 15-20 days, forming a slight pigmentation, completely gone for some time.

All these symptoms occur in children, regardless of their age and require the fastest possible treatment. Therefore, at the first rashes (even not quite characteristic of chickenpox), you should immediately contact a pediatrician. In the photo below you can see the symptoms, as the initial stage of chickenpox in children goes to a later stage.

Chickenpox treatment in children?

To successfully treat chickenpox in children, you need to consult a doctor. Only a doctor can objectively assess the condition of the child and prescribe the necessary treatment.

  1. Body hygiene. The child, despite all the prohibitions, will scratch where it itches. Mom's task is to ensure the cleanliness of his hands and nails. Additionally, the doctor may prescribe an antihistamine to relieve itching.
  2. Sipy treatment with external antiseptics. The most commonly used brilliant green, fucorcin or Castellani liquid (a big plus is that it is colorless). In the treatment of chickenpox, ultraviolet treatment is also widely used.
  3. At temperature, compliance with bed rest and heavy drinking is necessary. From drugs, to lower the temperature, it is better to use paracetamol in a pediatric form suitable for age.
  4. If rashes have arisen on the mucous membranes, rinse with antiseptic solutions such as furacilin.
  5. Of antiviral drugs, acyclovir is prescribed if necessary.
  6. When a bacterial infection is attached, the doctor prescribes antibiotics in the form of ointments or tablets.
  7. After the crusts fall away, use ointments that accelerate skin recovery. Depantenol may be used.

To walk or not to walk?

This is another question in the care of a sick chickenpox child, worrying parents: is it possible to walk with the baby with chickenpox?

During the period when the child is contagious, walks are not recommended. But if the parents are sure that the baby will not be in contact with anyone (for example, if you live in a private house), then you can go for a short walk.

We list the important conditions for walking:

  1. Body temperature should normalize.
  2. The last rash was 7 days ago. Otherwise, if you still went for a walk, there should not be other people on the street, especially children or pregnant women.
  3. If a child has recently had chickenpox, he cannot sunbathe and swim in open water.
  4. The immunity of an ill child is still weakened, therefore, contacts with sick children or adults with malaise are not recommended.

Can I wash with chickenpox in children


Previously, there was a strict ban on bathing babies in case of chickenpox infection, while today experts recommend that children be washed regularly. A photo of chickenpox indicates how widely localized the process can be. Therefore, it is necessary to provide all measures that will help the baby feel great. But wash with chickenpox must be carefulsince chickenpox is a special disease requiring careful care.

Diagnostics

It is not difficult to diagnose chickenpox if the disease is in the phase of extensive clinical manifestations. If we are talking about atypical variants of the disease, then it is necessary to carry out the following examination program:

  • clinical blood test,
  • biochemical examination of venous blood samples with the obligatory determination of the quality of functioning of the liver, kidneys and pancreas,
  • chickenpox antibody titer.

If there is a violation of the functions of the internal organs, a comprehensive examination of the body is carried out, the laboratory and instrumental program is adjusted at the discretion of the doctor.

Chickenpox in children: treatment methods

Therapy of chickenpox in children in most cases is local in nature, and also reduces to the elimination of concomitant symptoms. To relieve itching and pain from rashes, external means in the form of ointments are used, as well as a brilliant green solution (popularly referred to as “green”). Additionally, it is possible to use antipyretic and antihistamines to reduce swelling.

The main treatment for chickenpox in a child is the following manipulations:

  • at least 2 times a day, all rashes are liberally lubricated with a solution of brilliant green,
  • antiallergic drugs, such as Citrine, are prescribed to relieve itching
  • to relieve puffiness and improve the general condition, the doctor may prescribe non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, as well as antipyretic drugs,
  • during treatment, you should adhere to bed rest, exclude feeding the child with fried, sour and smoked products.

The photo below shows the main drugs used in the treatment and symptoms of chickenpox in children.

Prevention

Prevention of chickenpox in children, primarily involves vaccination. Of the vaccines, Okavax and Varilrix can be distinguished. Vaccination is optional and is at the discretion of the parents. When vaccinated, the child will either be protected from chickenpox for ten years, or will become mild if infected. But the vaccine can cause complications in young children, so you should carefully consider your decision and consult a specialist.

Summing up, we recall that such a versatile disease like chickenpox requires special attention. It can be confused with acute respiratory infections or allergies, so at the first sign of a cold symptom, you should think about what is possibly chicken pox, and carefully monitor the appearance of papules. And do not forget that chickenpox should be treated carefully, due to the presence of incompatible drugs and medications that can cause side effects.

Can a child get chickenpox a second time


Usually, having had chickenpox in childhood, a person should gain a stable immunity, which will help not to get infected again. But in practice, there are known cases where both adults and children bother get chickenpox a second time. The reason for this is usually a decrease in immunity, so it is not stable and provokes repeated outbreaks. In order to avoid recurrence of the disease, as well as other phenomena, it is necessary to carry out preventive measures in the framework of strengthening the functioning of the immune system.


Chicken pox rash

The main defining sign of chickenpox is a characteristic chickenpox or herpetic rash. Small pink pimples and blisters with fluid exudate are typical signs of herpes infection. The type of chickenpox herpetic rash varies depending on the period of the disease:

  • In the beginning, small pink pimples appear, which can be confused with an allergic rash.
  • After a day, pimples turn into so-called vesicles - they have bubbles with liquid contents. Initially, the contents of the vesicle are transparent. In a day - it becomes muddy and bursts. In this case, the bursting of the vesicles is accompanied by severe itching.
  • The turbid liquid inside the bubbles is filled with many viral particles. After the vesicle bursts, they get the opportunity to go outside, spread into the surrounding space. This is how the virus spreads and infects other people. At this stage, the itching intensifies, sometimes it becomes intolerable. It is a tool for spreading viruses. With constant scratching of the wound, viruses fall into the hands, and from them - easily spread around.
  • Bubbles that burst turn into wounds, cover with a crust. Under the crust, they dry out within 6-8 days. After which the crust disappears, leaving no residue.
  • Rashes continue in waves. When the first pimples have already burst, the following may still appear. Thus, within 4-5 days a new rash appears on the human body every day. In order to distinguish new acne from old, all existing rashes are smeared with fucorcin, iodine or brilliant green. Then the new rash will be clearly visible - it will not be filled over. Such manipulations can determine the end of the disease. After the appearance of the last pimple, after 5 days, the child can visit the children's team.

If chickenpox scars remain, then they have the form of pinholes, which remain on the skin of the child for several years. To prevent this from happening, with severe itching they use special antipruritic drugs. Or they often burn places of rashes with an alcoholic solution of zelenka, iodine.

Complications

Complications that progress after chickenpox occur, but this happens very rarely. They arise due to non-compliance with the rules for caring for a child during illness, with constant discouragement of crusts and combing of bubbles.

But the development of complications does not always depend on the care and the behavior of the parents, often due to the addition of a concomitant disease, chronic pathologies, weakened immunity, the following types of chickenpox in children can occur:

  1. Bullous chickenpox - it is characterized by the formation of specific rashes on the skin - blisters with a thin skin and purulent fluid inside. In this case, intoxication is pronounced, sometimes the form of the disease is complicated by sepsis, therefore, the doctor must treat and control the patient in a hospital. Basically, such chickenpox develops due to weakened immunity in a child.
  2. Hemorrhagic chickenpox - occurs with concomitant blood damage, in HIV-infected children or with oncology. This form is very rare, it has pronounced intoxication of the body, high fever, a large number of rashes form throughout the body. The course of the disease is complicated by the risk of internal bleeding, and the appearance of a blood smear in the vesicles on the body.
  3. Gangrenous necrotic chickenpox - combines the symptoms of the two forms described above. A lot of blisters with serous and bloody filling form on the child’s body. This form often acquires a septic character.
  4. Visceral chickenpox - it is characterized by additional damage to internal organs and systems - the liver, heart, pancreas, lungs and kidneys.

All described forms of chickenpox in children are atypical and are rare in medical practice. In general, complications of chickenpox are bacterial or viral in nature, which is layered on the pathology.

Sometimes complications develop after recovery - it can be pneumonia, encephalitis, the virus penetrating into the lungs or brain cells. Often there are inflammatory processes of the optic nerve, facial nerve.It happens that after the illness is over for a long time, the child complains of joint pain.

Bacterial complications occur in the event of damage to the vesicles or tearing off the crusts. Children can often do this because of severe itching, parents should carefully monitor the child at this time.

What can be confused with chickenpox?

In the beginning, before the rash appears, the disease is similar to the course of any viral disease, such as flu.

At the first rash, you can take chickenpox for an allergy or prickly heat, but usually during the day it becomes clear that the conclusion is wrong.

Usually, after a rash appears, everything becomes clear.

How to smear chickenpox in children except brilliant green


Zelenka, although effective, but has a lot of disadvantages in terms of ease of use, so you need to take into account several other means. These are medical ointments and folk remedies.

Can a child get sick again?

Important! Chickenpox is a herpes virus, and once having been ill once, it remains in the body forever, however, it is inactive.

Re-ill with the disease at a later age is possible, the virus is activated against the background of a decrease in immunity and, in addition to classical chickenpox, provokes shingles of the type of herpes zoster.

Disease duration

How many children get chickenpox also depends on the person’s immunity. The duration of a viral infection is determined by the speed of the immune response. With the initial infection, the body develops a program to combat it. This may take from one to several days. After - the synthesis of the necessary antibodies is started, which will control the spread of the virus. Which may also take from several hours to several days. After the appearance of antibodies, the virus is limited in reproduction. Therefore, the number of new rashes decreases less. After a few days, the rash ceases to appear completely.

Chickenpox in a child lasts until the body completely takes control of the herpetic virus. This can be from 2 to 14 days.

What to do at home: information for parents

How to treat chickenpox in children we will discuss a little later, but for now, let's look at how to care for children with chickenpox at home in order to facilitate the course of the disease:

  1. Diet. If the child refuses to eat, do not force them, it is better to eat a little, but more often. Increase the amount of fruits and vegetables in your diet,
  2. Drink plenty. Fruit drinks, compotes, jelly and homemade freshly squeezed juices are recommended. If the child doesn’t want to drink it, offer tea or water,
  3. It is advisable to limit active games, trying to keep a child in bed is pointless,
  4. Try to explain that you can’t comb sores, the child’s nails should be cut short,
  5. It is advisable to change bed linen every day, the child should sleep separately in his bed,
  6. The room in which the child is located must be washed every day, it is necessary to ventilate at least once an hour,
  7. It is desirable that there are no other children in the environment of the sick child, but, alas, this is not always possible.

This is useful information for parents, which will help to transfer chickenpox without complications.

Treatment of chickenpox in children and adults

Chickenpox belongs to those diseases that in most cases do not need any treatment. The body copes with the virus itself, it is only necessary to create conditions for it to recover. In order to accelerate the immune response, the child (or adult) is given the following:

  • Drink plenty of water - water, stewed fruit, herbal tea (optional and optional).
  • Freshly squeezed vegetable and fruit juices (to maintain immunity).
  • Detoxifying agents - pharmaceutical coal, smecta, natural clay. The accelerated elimination of toxins facilitates the work of the defenses, accelerates the treatment. Perhaps detoxifiers are the only group of drugs that can be used for any viral infections.

These measures help the child recover. They are not enough if an adult falls ill. How to treat chickenpox if the disease has become severe?

How to treat chickenpox in an adult

In adults, the course of chickenpox is often complicated by long periods, high temperature (below 40 ° C), which lasts 7-10 days, as well as nausea, vomiting. In adults, the disease can be complicated by inflammation of the cornea, otitis media, pneumonia.

Vomiting with chickenpox is due to severe intoxication of the body. With a large number of toxins in the blood and digestive tract, the gag reflex occurs as an automatic reaction aimed at eliminating toxins.

In this case, measures are needed that reduce the intoxication of the infection, reduce the frequency and strength of vomiting. Therefore, with chickenpox in adults, detoxifiers are mandatory.

Due to the severity of the infection, in the treatment of adults, a specific antiviral agent, acyclovir, general immunity stimulants (interferons, immunoglobulin) are prescribed. Rashes in adults are accompanied by severe itching, for the relief and removal of which anti-allergic agents are used - suprastin, diazolin, fenistil.

How to treat chickenpox in a child: a list of drugs

There is no specific antiviral treatment for chickenpox. The body copes with the sore on its own. The main therapy is aimed at relieving symptoms: itching and rashes.

The drugs that a pediatrician can prescribe for chickenpox for children are divided into several groups:

  1. When the temperature rises above 38.5 degrees, you can give your child a febrifuge drug based on ibuprofen or paracetamol.
  2. To reduce skin itching, you can use local ointments, such as Herpevir, Acyclovir. Perhaps the use of Fenistil gel.
  3. You can use antihistamines. For example, Diazolin, it is available in tablets.
  4. For the prevention of secondary infection of ulcers, use of Zelenka or Fukortsin. The application of such drugs also helps to determine the appearance of new vesicles.
  5. When sore throat, you can use decoctions of herbs and drugs that are approved for the treatment of children of a particular age.
  6. Antiviral therapy is required. She is prescribed by a doctor.

If you see that your child is sick, call a doctor who will prescribe and monitor the treatment. Each drug has its own subtleties and features. Incorrect treatment, as well as its complete absence, can lead to complications during the illness.

How to relieve itching with chickenpox?

The most severe chickenpox discomfort causes itchy skin. The wounds that form on the face of the body are quite itchy. And in no case can you comb them - traces may remain for life. How to relieve itching with chickenpox in a child? Experienced pediatricians advise antiallergic drugs. They are available in the form of tablets, capsules, drops and suspensions.

The following drugs are especially popular:

  1. Zirtek is an excellent antihistamine medication. Safe to use, it is prescribed even for babies,
  2. Suprastin is a sedative antispasmodic. It is prescribed to the child after 1 month,
  3. Fenistil is an antihistamine. Its main component is dimethindene, due to which the drug well eliminates itching and rashes.

To start taking any medicine should only be recommended by a doctor.

How to smear chickenpox except greenback?

There are different opinions on this. Many experts recommend treating rashes with brilliant green. However, there are opponents of this tool, who believe that greenback is the lot of Soviet pediatricians. In their opinion, green is not the best solution, because:

  • the drug does not fight the virus, it only has a disinfecting effect,
  • dry the skin of the child
  • green spots on the skin can confuse the child, making him feel awkward in front of his peers.

How to replace the green? As ointments for topical use in case of itching with chickenpox, the following can be distinguished:

  1. Fenistil - gel - a drug that is approved for use even by children under 1 year old. It relieves itching with chickenpox. The dosage is calculated according to the instructions, in accordance with the age of the child.
  2. Calamine - Lotion. It is prescribed even to infants. The drug is indicated for use not only in case of chickenpox, but also for insect bites or burns - it is an excellent disinfectant, analgesic and healing agent. For allergic reactions, it is recommended to use with caution.
  3. Epigen - is available in the form of a cream, gel and spray. It relieves inflammation, disinfects and prevents the spread of vesicles.
  4. Viferon - is available in the form of an ointment. The drug has antiviral and anti-inflammatory effects.
  5. La Cree is a plant-based cream that contains an extract of avocado, walnut and various herbs. Designed specifically for children. The composition of the cream includes panthenol - a tool that is an analogue of brilliant green.

When is it necessary to prescribe Acyclovir for chickenpox?

Acyclovir for chickenpox is used in tablet form (in the form of tablets), as well as a cream or ointment.

Doctors can prescribe acyclovir to those patients who have a tendency to moderate or severe chickenpox - a critical increase in temperature and the appearance of a significant number of rashes. At risk are children with low immunity, those who are diagnosed with chronic ailments of the lungs and skin.

Also, acyclovir therapy is indicated for children receiving salicylates for a long time and, sometimes, for those who have become infected from relatives. In addition, this antiviral medicine can be prescribed to all patients whose age has exceeded twelve years, due to the risk of a more severe course of the disease.

  1. With a moderate form of the disease, adults and children over two years of age are prescribed one or two tablets of the drug three to five times a day. At an earlier age, a lower dosage is used, selected by the attending physician.
  2. Acyclovir ointment is applied to the affected areas, but not in a continuous layer, but exclusively in a dot. It can be used up to five times a day.
  3. In case of damage to the mucous membranes of the eyes, an ointment with acyclovir is used, it must be placed inside the conjunctival sac (the area between the posterior surface of the eyelid and the anterior region of the eyeball) up to five times a day.

The duration of acyclovir therapy is usually five days, but can be adjusted by a doctor individually.

Can a child swim with chickenpox?

Is it possible to bathe a child with chickenpox when he is sick - this question is especially acute. Opinions on this issue, as always, differ.

There are recommendations that most agree with:

  1. You can not take a bath, that is, lie for a long time and steam the body (in order to avoid infection of open wounds).
  2. Do not use a sponge or washcloth. Do not rub the child’s body in any way.
  3. Be careful with soap and shower gels. They dry the skin and may increase irritation.
  4. It is better if the child takes a shower.
  5. After the shower, you need to dampen the water with a soft towel. In no case should you rub your body.
  6. After the skin has dried, the sores should be treated with brilliant green or fucorcin.

Atypical forms of chickenpox

  1. Rudimentary. Rashes are spotty, there are practically no catarrhal symptoms, the disease passes easily.
  2. Hemorrhagic form. Bubbles in this form are filled not with transparent, but with blood contents. The course of the disease is severe, patients have vomiting with blood, nosebleeds, black stool is possible. On the second day, petechial rashes (small point hemorrhages in the skin) appear.
  3. Bullous form. Bubbles in this form coalesce, forming the so-called bullae. They are usually filled with muddy contents.
  4. Gangrenous form. It has an extremely severe course.
  5. Generalized form. With this form of the disease, severe intoxication, damage to internal organs, and hyperthermia are observed.

All atypical forms (except rudimentary) are treated in a hospital, often in intensive care units.

Medications

By modern means, than smearing chickenpox, there are several compounds that are useful and safe, have colorless composition.

As already noted, a red manganese solution is good and effective. Despite the presence of a shade, the tool helps to effectively combat the disease, can easily relieve itching and can even be used to treat the disease in the mouth.

How many days is the baby contagious?

It is hardly possible to determine the exact period when a child is dangerous or not dangerous for other children. A few days before the rash appears and at the first sign of chickenpox, a person is already a vector of infection. It will be transmitted by airborne droplets throughout the entire time until new rashes appear.

The child will not pose a threat to other children after the last crust disappears. On average, chickenpox in children and its infectious period lasts from 10 to 16 days.

Chickenpox in a child: possible complications

In most cases, children very safely endure the chickenpox period, and the body quickly recovers. Nevertheless, there are cases when the disease provoked very serious complications and worsened the course of chronic pathologies. So, chickenpox can provoke the following pathological conditions:

  • skin lesions that are purulent (abscess, boil),
  • development of CNS pathologies, in some cases we are talking about encephalitis,
  • the formation of an inflammatory process in the heart muscle (myocarditis),
  • the development of pneumonia, including acute course,
  • pathology of the kidneys of an inflammatory type (nephritis).

Vaccination as the prevention of chickenpox

As mentioned earlier, timely vaccination is considered the most effective method of preventing chickenpox in children. It can sufficiently prevent the development of the disease, but does not give a 100% guarantee. However, it should be given to children over 1 year old. Note that the protective effect of the vaccine is no more than 10 years, so it is possible that re-vaccination will be necessary.

In almost all countries of Europe and Asia, vaccination of a child is considered mandatory; admission to school is impossible without it.

In the CIS countries, the chickenpox vaccine is not so popular, so the choice is exclusively for the parents.

If you still decide to vaccinate, then consult a doctor without fail. So, for children with a weakened immune system against the background of chronic pathologies or undergoing treatment, the vaccine is contraindicated, as it is fraught with a greater risk of complications.

Proven folk remedies

  • Rinsing places with severe itching through weak soda solution (1 tsp. Raw materials per 1 tbsp. Of warm water). It is necessary to wipe the places of special defeat with pre-moistened cotton swabs.
  • If you want the spots to go as quickly as possible, you can lubricate them with high quality oil plant origin. This tool will allow the skin to heal as quickly as possible and relieve itching.
  • If observed baby rash or rash in adultsneed to drink a teaspoon mixes of lemon juice with honey thrice a day. It is only necessary to mix the ingredients in equal proportions.
  • If you regularly drink the next collection, you can overcome the disease once and for all: pharmacy chamomile, calendula, lemon balm leaves, basil. You need the mixture, presented in equal parts (1 tbsp. L.), Pour a glass of boiling water. After fifteen minutes of insisting, you can use this tool inside.
  • Parsley Herb Infusion - Another effective way to eliminate this ailment.That is, an ordinary garden plant is taken as raw material. The recipe is simple, it will take only a few minutes of time. You need to prepare a teaspoon of dry parsley and pour it with a glass of boiling water. The infusion is prepared for 12-15 minutes and is taken before meals on ¼ of the glass.
  • Widely used to solve these problems chamomile: you need to take 60 g of the plant in dry form and, pouring a liter of water, boil. In such a solution is carried out bathing a sick child. You just need to add it to the bulk of the water. There is also another interesting way to treat chamomile disease. For this, plants are taken in equal proportions - coltsfoot, chicory, calendula, chamomile, immortelle and burdock. The total amount of the mixture is 40 grams. It is necessary to fill it with 1.5 liters of boiling water and insist for 8 hours. You need to take the finished composition four times a day for the third part of the glass.
  • If the disease overtakes the oral cavity, a special rinse. Is taken sage 20 g and poured with two glasses of boiling water. All this is infused for 30 minutes, and then the broth is drained and used to hold in the mouth for several minutes.

A competent approach to the therapeutic complex guarantees a good result in the form of a quick recovery.


How to relieve itching with chickenpox in a child

Chickenpox itches - it is known to the parent of each ill child. And the more you comb the chicken pimples, the more painful the sensations become. From combing, the itching does not go away, it intensifies, it becomes painful.

Itching is also worse with sweating. Therefore, with chickenpox, a child should not be mixed up. For the same reason, contrary to popular belief, it can be bathed in water with the addition of an antiseptic solution in water.

Is it possible to walk with chickenpox?

During the period when the child is contagious, walking with the child on the street is not recommended. But if the parents are sure that the baby will not be in contact with anyone (for example, if you live in a private house), then you can go for a short walk when there is no temperature.

We list the important conditions for walking:

  1. Body temperature should normalize.
  2. The last rash was 7 days ago. Otherwise, if you still went for a walk, there should not be other people on the street, especially children or pregnant women.
  3. If a child has recently had chickenpox, he cannot sunbathe and swim in open water.
  4. The immunity of an ill child is still weakened, therefore, contacts with sick children or adults with malaise are not recommended.

Calamine Chickenpox Lotion


Calamine Lotion is an anti-allergy product that has a natural composition and is designed to work effectively in the case of various dermatological processes. The tool has proven itself in a large number of countries, thanks to its numerous medicinal characteristics and effective action. Therefore, calamine lotion is often used to treat the smallest patients suffering from pain, itching and other unpleasant sensations caused by the disease.

The tool has a wide range of options, and reviews perfectly confirm this fact.

  • Relieves redness and burning sensation, itching,
  • It softens the condition of the skin and inflammation,
  • It has a drying property and a cooling effect,
  • Contributes to the inhibition of the development of a pathogenic phenomenon,
  • Quickly restores cells that have been affected,
  • It relieves itching during the regeneration of scars.

The price of this drug for 100 ml per pack starts in Russian pharmacies from 150 rubles.

We examined chickenpox in children symptoms and treatment, photo. Have you watched this? Calamine Lotion for chickenpox used? Leave your opinion or review for everyone on the forum!

Is it possible to wash a child with chickenpox

Opinions of post-Soviet pediatricians regarding bathing with chickenpox are categorical - no. The ban on bathing is explained by the possibility of an additional spread of infection while taking a bath, showering on healthy skin. However, the body is already infected. But to alleviate the condition of a sick child or an adult with a warm bath - you can.

When bathing to disinfect the rash, an antiseptic concentrate is added to the water. Use potassium permanganate (better known as potassium permanganate), an infusion of antiseptic herbs or a salt solution. After bathing - you can’t wipe it, you need to get your skin wet with a towel or a sheet.

Can I get chickenpox a second time?

Yes, in very rare cases. The herpes virus, once penetrated into the body, remains in it for life.

The place of his “basing” is the neurons of the spinal ganglia. With a significant decrease in immunity, the pathogen can again enter the bloodstream (this usually happens in old age, when the developed antibodies lose their protective titer, or in oncological diseases that are treated with cytostatics or radiation therapy).

Chickenpox quarantine: how many days?

Since the appearance of the first skin rashes, the child is already a source of the virus for healthy people who did not have chickenpox.

Often this happens much earlier, even before rashes and fever. Therefore, during the treatment of chickenpox in children, small patients should be isolated from the team. The disease, proceeding without complications, lasts no more than 7-10 days. About five days after the last rashes are formed, the child is not contagious to others. And when the dry crusts on the skin remaining from watery bubbles disappear, the child can be considered completely healthy.

Typically, chickenpox quarantine in a kindergarten or school is announced for 21 days from the date of detection of the last sick child. This period corresponds to the maximum duration of the incubation period of chickenpox virus, during which there are no symptoms of infection.

If new cases are detected, quarantine is extended for another 14 days.

Watch the video: Varicella Zoster Virus: Procedures for Collecting Varicella Skin Lesions and Blood Specimens (April 2020).